Pain Management Basics

If you’ve experienced pain, you’re definitely not alone—it is one of the most common reasons why people visit the doctor’s office. However, it is also a very complex symptom. This is because every person experiences pain differently, which means there is no single pain treatment that will work in every case.

This is where pain management comes in. This branch of medicine treats a wide range of conditions based on a multi-disciplinary approach, and its main focus is to reduce or relieve pain, aiming to improve the patient’s quality of life.

Pain management encompasses different types of therapies like interventional pain management techniques, alternative medicine, physical therapy, and regenerative medicine. Specialists usually combine several of these therapies to create a treatment plan that best suits each patient, depending on their particular situation.

Pain management allows to examine the problem from different perspectives, providing a more effective treatment option than other, more traditional methods. At Premier Pain Clinics, we offer:

  • Interventional pain treatments like nerve blocks, injections, radiofrequency ablation, and spinal cord stimulation.
  • Alternative therapies such as medical marijuana.
  • Regenerative therapies such as PRP injections.

Visit our pain management clinics in Hillsborough and other NJ locations to find pain relief. Our goal is to improve your overall health and wellbeing long-term to help you live your happiest life.

If you are dealing with chronic pain, our pain management specialists can help you find long-term relief.

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Types of Pain

Pain is quite a broad term; it is used to describe an unpleasant sensation in the body that stems from the activation of your nervous system to indicate something is wrong. However, pain can be experienced in many different ways—it can feel like an ache, a burn, a tingle, a sting, etc. It can also be sharp or dull, and it can be intermittent or constant.

This is because there isn’t just one type of pain. When it comes to pain management, there are eight main categories of pain:

Acute pain

Acute pain begins suddenly and lasts for a short period (from a few days to a few weeks) and is usually a result of a specific situation, such as an accident, surgery, or childbirth. It is a sharp pain and usually goes away when the underlying cause is resolved.

Chronic pain

Chronic pain lasts more than three months, and can even persist for years after the underlying cause has healed. It can range from mild to severe, and it is usually a more dull type of pain. It can affect a person’s quality of life significantly, preventing them from performing daily activities. Because of this, it not only has a physical impact on them but also a psychological one. There are many different conditions that can cause chronic pain, such as:

Chronic pain is the type of pain we see most often at Premier Pain Clinics. Our goal is to help our patients feel their best even with a chronic condition—trust us, it is possible! If you are looking for pain management specialists in Hillsborough or other NJ locations, feel free to contact us to schedule an appointment.

Breakthrough pain

Breakthrough pain is a sudden flare-up of pain a person may get from a chronic condition they already have. Even if they are already getting treatment, this type of pain is so severe it can “break through” it. It doesn’t last very long, about 30 minutes, and can either happen occasionally or frequently.

About 86% of Americans with chronic conditions experience breakthrough pain episodes. They are quite common in cancer patients, but can also occur in people with conditions like arthritis, fibromyalgia, or multiple sclerosis.

The exact trigger of breakthrough pain is often unclear, but it may be caused by factors like stress, illness, or physical activity.

Nerve pain

Also called neuropathic pain, nerve pain can feel like a burning, stabbing, or shooting sensation, usually combined with numbness or tingling. It almost feels like an “electric” type of pain. Neuropathic pain is a sign that there has been direct damage or irritation to a nerve.

It can have several causes, such as:

  • Trauma
  • Infection (such as shingles)
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Chemotherapy
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Orthopedic conditions
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Bone pain

Bone pain is characterized by severe tenderness or discomfort in one or more bones, and it is typically present even without movement. It is caused by conditions that affect the normal function or structure of the bone, such as:

  • Injury
  • Infection that originates in or spreads to the bone
  • Mineral deficiency
  • Cancer
  • Leukemia

Phantom pain

Phantom pain is a post-amputation pain that feels like it’s coming from a body part that is no longer there. Even though its exact cause is unknown, it seems to stem from the brain and spinal cord.

For a long time, experts believed it was a psychological phenomenon, but now it’s known to be a real sensation. For instance, imaging scans can show activity in parts of the brain that were neurologically connected to the nerves of the amputated limb when the person feels phantom pain.

This type of pain is often described as a shooting, stabbing, cramping, burning, or pins and needles sensation. It can begin as soon as the first week after amputation or appear months or years later. It can also be either intermittent or continuous.

Referred pain

Referred pain is pain that is perceived in an area other than its origin. This happens because all of the nerves in your body are connected, so a pain signal that comes from one site in the network may be experienced in surrounding nervous tissue.

This type of pain can occur anywhere, which makes it even harder to diagnose than it already is. Some of the most common areas where it can be felt are the shoulders, neck, back, jaws, and teeth. For instance, referred pain is commonly felt in the jaw, teeth, and shoulders as a result of a heart attack.

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Regenerative Medicine

The human body has a natural capacity to heal itself in many different ways, like when it comes to a wound or broken bone. However, this is not always the case—there are chronic conditions that are long-term and cannot heal on their own. This is where regenerative medicine comes in.

This modern branch of medicine aims to go beyond pain or symptom management and help the body repair its own cells, tissues, or organs through different therapies. It has evolved significantly over the past few years, involving many advanced technologies and a wide variety of treatments such as stem cell therapy and PRP therapy.

Regenerative medicine can be used to treat chronic pain conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus arthritis.

If you are experiencing chronic pain and are looking for minimally invasive treatment options, our regenerative therapies can help. At Premier, we carefully evaluate your condition to determine if they are suitable for you. The specialists at our pain centers will guide you through the whole process and make sure you always feel safe.

Feel free to leave us your information below and we will contact you to help you schedule an appointment or solve any questions you may have.

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Find These Regenerative Therapies at Premier Pain Clinics

Two of the most common regenerative therapies are stem cell therapy and PRP injections, both of which you can find at Premier’s pain management clinics in NJ. Let’s talk about each one:

Stem Cell Therapy: Pain Management in Hillsborough, NJ

Stem cells are the only cells in the body that are able to develop into many other types of cells. They divide to form daughter cells, which will become either new stem cells or specialized cells, such as brain cells or blood cells.

Stem cells are used to study how different diseases and conditions develop and to test new medications, but they are also used to replace damaged cells—this is regenerative medicine. These types of cells can be transformed into specific cells to regenerate damaged tissue in the body.

In stem cell therapy, stem cells are first harvested from the bone marrow or other tissues. Then, they are injected into the damaged or diseased area, where they replace the damaged cells. This stimulates the healing process by generating new, healthy tissue.

PRP Injections

PRP therapy uses platelet-rich plasma—a small amount of your own highly concentrated blood platelets—to regenerate damaged tissue. The PRP is injected directly into the source of your pain, and it releases growth factors that help the healing process by promoting the generation of new cells.

The procedure has three steps: first, we extract blood from your body. Then, the plasma is separated from the rest of the blood using a centrifuge, and the concentration of platelets is used to prepare the injections. Finally, the doctor numbs the injection site and administers one or several shots.

PRP injections can be used to treat conditions like low back pain, injuries, strains, tendinitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, and different types of arthritis. It is a very safe procedure—and a safer alternative to surgery—and provides long-term relief.

Are you ready to stop feeling pain and start living a full life? Our pain management specialists in Hillsborough, NJ are devoted to helping our patients recover their quality of life in the safest way possible. Request a consultation below and we will help you schedule an appointment!

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FAQ About Regenerative Medicine

Is regenerative medicine safe?


Regenerative therapies have proven to be very safe procedures, as long as they are administered properly by qualified professionals. Like with all medical procedures that involve injections, there is a low risk of bleeding, soreness, and infection.

Keep in mind that if you are looking for regenerative therapy, it’s important that you research the clinic that you’re going to beforehand and the treatments that they offer.

All of the treatments we offer at Premier Pain Clinics are FDA-approved, and we are committed to ensuring transparency and patient safety.

How does stem cell therapy help relieve pain?


Stem cell therapy redirects your own stem cells to the area you need them the most. This stimulates the healing process in that area, repairing the damaged tissue and, consequently, relieving your pain.

How long does it take to see results after PRP therapy?


While some patients start to see results a few days after getting PRP injections, others require more than one session. This depends on your specific case—but don’t worry, your doctor will talk to you about this before starting your treatment.

Who is a good candidate for regenerative therapies?


There are some conditions that can especially benefit from regenerative medicine, such as:

  • Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus arthritis.
  • Chronic back or neck pain
  • Sciatica
  • Muscle tears or fractures that haven’t healed properly.

Additionally, your doctor will evaluate different factors regarding your health situation before recommending regenerative therapy. If you are seeking a minimally invasive treatment option for your pain, leave us your information here. We will contact you to help you schedule an appointment or solve any questions you may have.